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No matter the route you choose, you should begin by updating your pkg repository or your Ports tree. You should read pkg for the list of commands supported by pkg and read ports for the list of available make targets in Ports, but in general you will use pkg install (or pkg install /) or cd /usr/ports// && make install to install software. For Ports, portsnap fetch extract will retrieve a new full ports tree. Pkg update will fetch an updated index from every PACKAGESITE defined in that environment variable or in pkg.
Install the Foomatic filter collection in print/foomatic-filters and its database and engine in print/foomatic-db and print/foomatic-db-engine, respectively. Install the CUPS meta-port at print/cups. CUPS is the standard for printing on Free Unix-like systems and can be installed from Ports along with any needed filters. I find the CUPS-PDF virtual printer in print/cups-pdf very useful as well. Install HPLIP in print/hplip for HP printer drivers (and my Brother HL-2170W, for some reason).
The Linux Command Line: A Complete Introduction (W. Shotts) This book takes you from your very first terminal keystrokes to writing full programs in Bash, the most.
Рамблер вернуть старый интерфейс и Убрать ссылку перехода на новый интерфейс.
You probably won’t run into a case where you will need to, but you can manually inform the X server of fonts like this:. In the past it was necessary to tell X about your installed fonts using FontPath directives in xorg. Conf, but these days most software will detect them automatically using fontconfig.
The FreeBSD base system is a fully-featured operating system but as you can see does not contain a graphical environment or any third-party software like your typical Linux distribution. The desktop or laptop computer you are most likely using is vastly more powerful than some of the configurations that will run FreeBSD, so there is room to grow without being unreasonable. FreeBSD’s roots are in academia and the datacenter, so its default configuration is very conservative. Before installing any of that you should configure your new system to be a better desktop.
Over the years I have used countless Linux desktops and window managers. But the appeal of Enlightenment goes beyond eye candy. Menu (more on that in a bit. Another bonus of Enlightenment – you can configure the desktop to have a psuedo-limiting effect on the users. But no matter how amazing a desktop (read: Compiz-Fusion) I always seem to wind up going straight back to Enlightenment. Enlightenment is easy to use, flexible, and stable. Say, for example, you want to limit your users to certain applications – only have those applications in the menu and leave out any terminal window entry in the menu so they can’t configure their user_apps. Enlightenment is one of those window managers that has a very small footprint yet offers enough eye candy to impress.
Other Linux distros booting from a USB drive connected just fine. Since Enlightenmnt uses a different set of system tools to handle Internet connectivity, I had to install strange packages. The Enlightenment shell failed to load. The system no longer connected to the Internet. Clearly, this is a software and driver issue.
MATE Terminal also has the ability to use multiple terminals in a single window (tabs) and supports management of different configurations (profiles). MATE Terminal is a terminal emulation application that you can use to access a UNIX shell in the MATE environment. MATE Terminal is a fork of GNOME Terminal. With it, you can run any application that is designed to run on VT102, VT220, and xterm terminals.
It has a modern compositing window manager, KWin, the web and file browser Konqueror that famously spawned the KHTML engine that became WebKit, and a family of other Qt applications like the excellent Clementine. Its configuration options are dizzyingly numerous and it has excellent support for modern technologies like high-DPI displays. The KDE4 meta-port is available at x11/kde4. KDE is the largest and most fully-featured Free Software desktop environment, based on the Qt toolkit.
There are two common tools for programmatically upgrading your ports, ports-mgmt/portupgrade and ports-mgmt/portmaster. The common portmaster usage is portmaster -a to upgrade installed ports. You can update your already-extracted Ports tree to the newest revision with portsnap fetch update. I usually update with portupgrade -rac, with -r -a to recursively update all installed ports and -c to preemptively show new port options so they won’t interrupt the build. I prefer portupgrade because portmaster stubbornly aborts the entire upgrade on any error, but you might like it.