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Freebsd update fetch should not be run non interactively

[path] DESCRIPTION The portsnap tool is used to fetch and update compressed. This command should only be used inter- actively; for non-interactive use, you should. Note that running portsnap cron or portsnap fetch does not apply the .

automated installs of VMs I use the Ansible pkgng module which does install/
update without any confirmation. I am not sure why you might want this case, in a script perhaps. I’d be carefully running pkg non-interactively.

-t 0 ]; then echo -n “`basename

The freebsd-update command makes both of those tasks easy to do. Once you become familiar with the process, you’ll be able to perform future upgrades on your own. Upgrading an operating system to a newer release and applying security patches in a timely manner are important aspects of ongoing system administration.

` fetch should not ” echo “be run non. Interactively, then run fetch_check_params and fetch_run cmd_fetch () { if [.

Non-interactive customization and installation of FreeBSD Ports. But I like the "make config-recursive" method which runs you through any options for the. Once that's done, your "make install clean" should go pretty much unattended. I think it's worth mentioning that you might not always want to do this.

Will automatically be downloaded but will not be applied. List of directories with configuration files that freebsd-update should attempt to merge.

Gce-freebsd – Setup files for GCE FreeBSD instances.

As root sudo finch chroot # Updating can be done interactively at any time freebsd-update fetch. FreeBSD update is not.

Name; synopsis; description; api overview. Handles; disk images; mounting; filesystem access and modification; partitioning; lvm2; downloading; uploading; copying.

Warning: DigitalOcean keeps its custom configuration and data for FreeBSD Droplets under the /etc/rc. Please do not change or remove the files or configuration related to DigitalOcean. D/ directory, and it’s referenced in the /etc/rc. D/ is what keeps your Droplet up, running in a good shape, and integrated with DigitalOcean’s API. The custom configurations and data under /etc/rc.

Now IDA is a truly international application that can speak all languages of the world because it uses UTF-8 everywhere. You can use UTF-8 in the disassembly listing, including comments or even the function names. 0: Automatic discovery of string literals during auto-analysis page for all the gory details. This is not what we advise, therefore odd characters in names require some fine tuning. All scripts and plugins can use it. See the IDA 7.

-I For the update command, update INDEX files, but not the rest of the ports tree. As the name suggests, this command is designed for running from cron(8); the . This command should only be used inter- actively; for non-interactive use, you should use. [path] DESCRIPTION The portsnap tool is used to fetch and update.


9 responses on “Freebsd update fetch should not be run non interactively

  1. It has both French and English (UK) based origin, it is typically a girl name, has various meanings. When Jeff and I heard about this service, we both were curious on the meaning of the name Macie. Of course, Jeff being a great researcher looked up the name Macie and found that the name Macie has two meanings. Therefore, I can imagine that Amazon Macie could be described as a bold, weapon for AWS customers providing a sweet service with a sporty user interface that helps to protects against malicious access of your data at rest. Whew, that was a mouthful, but I unbelievably got all the Macie descriptions out in a single sentence. The first meaning of Macie that was found, said that that name meant “weapon”.  The second meaning noted the name was representative of a person that is bold, sporty, and sweet. In a way, these definitions are appropriate, as today I am happy to announce that we are launching  Amazon Macie, a new security service that uses machine learning to help identify and protect sensitive data stored in AWS from breaches, data leaks, and unauthorized access with Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) being the initial data store. Nevertheless, I am a thrilled to share with you the power of the new Amazon Macie service.

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  3. I’ll now publish this C# Lambda function and test by using the Publish to AWS Lambda option provided by the AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio with NASAPicOfTheDay project. After publishing the function, I can test it and verify that it is working correctly within Visual Studio and/or the AWS Lambda console. You can learn more about building AWS Lambda functions with C# and.

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  6. (Note that the more common 32-bit and 64-bit UnZip ports are not affected. ) UnZip 5. That’s wrong. Some file systems and/or C libraries may not support files this big, however, and there are other zipfile limits (see below) that may have an impact. 0 and UnZip 6. That said, as of mid-2006, Zip 3. However, we do have a report that a user of the Win32 versions of Zip and UnZip succeeded in compressing and extracting a 7 GB database file. ) UnZip 5. If someone else did, you should ask them to upgrade. ) This is fixed in version 5. 0 or Warp Server), and IBM has not provided a patch. See the next item for more information about that. Because the bug is located in the output routine after the CRC check has been carried out (because there isn’t any way to know the CRC for the text-converted data), it is not detected by any built-in consistency check. This has now been confirmed to be a long-standing bug in Zip itself (within zipup. Uncompressed size of a single file 4 GB This is also not a hard limit, in that the deflate algorithm used in all recent releases has its own “end of stream” marker. Symantec’s Norton AntiVirus reports that your DOS executables are infected with WEED. Although it appeared that standalone unshrinking was not covered, the owner claimed otherwise in public statements, and the matter was never tested in court. According to strict interpretation of the 2. See also Secunia’s advisory. In effect, this is yet another (fourth. Please direct all Info-ZIP queries (availability, ports, bugs, corrections, etc. Why are timestamps on extracted files sometimes off by an hour under Windows. , UTF-8), unnecessary redundancy, and merely acceptable (but no longer outstanding) compression efficiency. ) Zip (all
    versions) Solaris, AIX,
    Red Hat Linux,
    others. The first one (CVE-2003-0282) involves placing one or more invalid characters between a pair of dots; the bogus characters are filtered out, leaving a “. See UnZip’s COPYING and INSTALL files for more information. 3 all When compiled with either BIG_MEM or MMAP defined (MMAP overrides BIG_MEM if both are defined), Zip will silently corrupt stored (uncompressed) files when forced via either the -0 (“store”) or -n (“don’t compress these suffixes”) options. The “$” before the disk name is important; i. It’s a bit late to be worrying about that now. 50 have a filename-mismatch vulnerability whereby files can be extracted with paths and names other than those that appear in archive listings. It affected many archivers and other programs, and it could be fixed only by patching the NFS server. Note that this bug affects both decryption of zipfiles created elsewhere and encryption of zipfiles created on HP-UX (i. You need to upgrade your copy of Internet Explorer to version 4. , essentially useless), there are various brute-force password-crackers available. (It may also affect other tools, including some shells and gdb itself. 42
    and earlier virtually all All versions of UnZip through 5. , DOS) For all ports using 16-bit integers, textmode output (-a or -aa options) is broken in such a way that half of the output-buffer chunks are silently skipped. So the last file in the archive can potentially be arbitrarily large (in theory, anyway–we haven’t tested this), but the combined total of all the rest must be less than 2 GB or 4 GB, respectively. Thus any of the following workarounds will suffice: never use the -0 or -n options always use the -9 (“maximal compression”) option, which overrides -0 and -n use the default compilation options, in which neither BIG_MEM nor MMAP is defined Note that there are some systems that appear to be immune to the bug, including DEC/Compaq systems with the DEC/Compaq C compiler (but not with the GNU C compiler). 51 related to very long (command-line) zipfile names, which theoretically could lead to local privilege escalation (e. , any version of zlib before 1. , relative to the top-level/root directory) or with “. Deutscher for reporting this bug and Christian Spieler for identifying it in the source code. To our knowledge, this has not yet happened. C only, not deflate. But since you asked: It depends a bit on how you use Zip and UnZip, but by and large there shouldn’t be any problems. It is probably not 100% complete (particularly with respect to very old bugs), but it’s close: program platform nature of bug Zip 2. ) Note that Zip will first store in memory the path/filename and various parameters for every file that will be in the final archive; the actual limit on the number of files may be determined by the amount of RAM and/or virtual memory available on the system. (Thanks to Anya Berdichevskaya for the pointer. 3, and while there may have been some lingering oversights in that series, the UnZip 5. UnZip (and Zip, and all of the other Info-ZIP utilities) must be set up as a VMS foreign command, as noted in the README. The Info-ZIP group has not explicitly tested any compilers for such problems. All file times will appear to shift by an hour. On the other hand, Info-ZIP had no particular desire to become the test case. All older releases are still covered by our old COPYING file (UnZip) or the README file in official Zip distributions. This is fixed in version 5. 4; check UnZip with “unzip -v”). Ordinarily the local and central filenames match, but an attacker could modify the names (and paths) in the local headers in order to cause files to be created in unexpected locations. 3 and earlier, possibly also 5. The passwords for my encrypted zipfiles don’t work on HP-UX. (The operating system also must have support for large files; for Linux, this involves the kernel [2. 50 have a symlink-traversal vulnerability whereby extracted files can overwrite files in unexpected directories if appropriate directory-symlinks are extracted first. ) Also note that in August 2001, PKWARE released PKZIP 4. COM file: $ unzip == “$disk:[dir]unzip. We may set up new lists on SourceForge at some point, but in the interim, a web-based forum, with both bug-reporting and discussion areas, has been set up.   WiZ 5. ) One workaround is to “ensure that any directory which is being used by unzip to decompress files is writeable only by the user”; another is to “set the sticky bit on the directory’s permissions. 00 for platforms that have the fchmod() system call. (Note that the same bug will affect any program that uses the DosSetPathInfo() call. 51
    and earlier all c0ntex reported a buffer-overrun vulnerability (CVE-2005-4667) in UnZip 5. Web page maintained by Greg Roelofs. We don’t recall the exact details, but an OS/2 fixpak is/was available to take care of the problem. So far these headers are undocumented, but most of their fields are fairly obvious. Our original mailing lists died several years ago, thanks both to the ever-shifting sands of mail servers and to spammers. UnZip displays only two digits of the year when listing files (in most formats), so if you take that output and sort on the year field, it will fail. Contacting Info-ZIP Do you have any mailing lists for discussions. Total size of archive 256 TB While the only theoretical limit on the size of an archive is given by (65,536 files x 4 GB each), realistically UnZip’s random-access operation and (partial) dependence on the stored compressed-size values limits the total size to something in the neighborhood of 2 to 4 GB. Longer answer: older versions of WinZip (and, no doubt, some other clone zippers) stored filenames using backslashes as directory separators in violation of PKWARE’s appnote, which specifies that forward slashes (‘/’) should be used. Also note that 16-bit DOS versions of Zip are limited to around 16,000 files. 42 have a directory-traversal security vulnerability that allows them to unpack files in unexpected places. As convenient as the real e-mail address was to everyone involved, it turned out to be equally convenient to the masses of header-forging viruses and spam messages propagating across the Internet. Add some lines similar to the following to your LOGIN. And on 64-bit systems, UnZip won’t find any file that’s more than 4 GB from the beginning (since the zipfile format can only store offsets that big). Those who wish to download older binaries or compile their own versions may still do so, or you can wait for UnZip 6. Why does my VMS UnZip say “too many parameters” and do nothing but print the usage screen for me. This is fixed in version 5. Return to the Info-ZIP Home Page. (The older forum at QuickTopic is also available in read-only mode; click the “printer-friendly” link to see the archived, non-spam messages in compact form. , the latter cannot be decoded on other systems). (This was not a Zip bug, per se. If it was more than 8 or 10 characters and not restricted to a small subset of ASCII (e. We don’t yet know when Zip and UnZip will support this extension to the format. ) generally limit paths to 256 characters or less; Unix systems typically have a 1024-character limit. 0, which will once again enable unshrinking by default. Note that it applies only to our more recent releases (starting in November 1999): Zip 2. 50
    and earlier Unix, BeOS,
    Atari, AOS/VS All versions of UnZip through 5. (And no, we’re not volunteering, either–although we have discussed what we consider some of the requirements for such a new format. Creating zipfiles on NFS file systems under Red Hat 6. ] and the shell itself [bash, tcsh, etc. Two reasons: you’re using an old version of UnZip (5. (Aside: You can see the bug in action, completely independent of Zip and UnZip, by saving a Windows directory listing just before the switch and comparing it with one taken just after the switch. Copyright © 1995-2008 Greg Roelofs. 0 are coming along and should be released sometime in the first half of 2007. X], and possibly other file utilities [ls, rm, etc. Finally, run UnZip just as on any other system (see FAQ #2). “-ipa” is reported to generate incorrect code sometimes, however. Your web page says (used to say) Jet Propeller Laboratory. Don’t send us “bug reports” about it. , all knowledge of the file to which the link pointed was lost within the archive. 52: the new -K option must be given explicitly in order to restore UID, GID and sticky bits. , EBCDIC) and encodings of international characters (e. There is a bug in older versions. See our new(er) open-source, BSD-style license for details. There is no capability in Unix UnZip to treat backslashes as directory separators (since they’re perfectly acceptable filename characters, just like colons, quotes, and pretty much everything other than forward slashes), so if you want to extract the archive as a subdirectory tree without hacking the source code, you’ll need to rename the archive entries. If an archived file was last modified during Daylight Savings Time (a. Some CD-ROM file systems have an 8-level subdirectory limit. These are fixed in version 5. (The only reported oddity was in listing the archive’s contents; UnZip has no way to know that the true file size is bigger than what the zipfile directory reports. If the password was very short (i. 50 16-bit ports
    (e. X could result in silent corruption. This will allow the utilities to handle uncompressed data files greater than 2 GB in size, as long as the total size of the archive containing them is less than 2 GB. ) Why does my Unix UnZip extract flat filenames with backslashes in them instead of a subdirectory tree. It does not affect files that are stored due to small size or incompressibility; these files use the code path in deflate. Because the stored CRC-32 value is consistent with the corrupted data, testing with UnZip will not expose the error; only extraction and byte-for-byte comparison with the original files will. Hardin for reporting this. There have been a few over the years. , Universal Time) except as a third-party add-on, lack of any support for “solid” packing of small files, lack of support for alternate character sets (e. Note that it’s possible that some PC-based C compilers or libraries have Y2K bugs in them that would affect Zip and UnZip. This is fixed in version 5. Where “disk” and “dir” refer to the true disk and directory where unzip. 31) would print “100” instead of “00” for the year 2000; this is fixed in 5. ) Thus, by default, unshrinking was not enabled in some releases of Info-ZIP’s distributed binaries (mostly newer ones). Once the noise level exceeded the convenience factor, it had to go. This is fixed in version 5. 51
    and earlier Unix only Albert Puigsech Galicia noted that one of UnZip’s backup-related features, the restoration of file permissions including UID and GID bits, could constitute a privilege-escalation vulnerability (CVE-2005-0602) insofar as (1) UnZip doesn’t emit a warning when restoring such bits, and (2) it’s the default behavior in version 5. There is an optimization bug in the native (non-GNU) HP C compiler for HP-UX 10. (For what it’s worth, the same algorithm was and is used in other utilities that have been included in every Linux and FreeBSD distribution that has ever shipped or been downloaded, and no one has ever complained about that. ” components (“previous directory level”), UnZip will unpack the files in the indicated locations, possibly creating directory trees in the process–and, if the -o (“overwrite”) option is given, quietly destroying existing files outside the intended directory tree. 20 that breaks Zip’s encryption code and UnZip’s decryption code. , in the case of automated, UnZip-based unpacking of user-specified archive names by a privileged account–not a terribly likely scenario). 41 and later will extract them again. Many thanks to Michael Kilby for tracking this down. How can I recover my data. ) Zip-Bugs, the internal mailing list for the core development team, was shut down in August 2003 in favor of a web-based contact form. You don’t pay for the code; don’t expect us to do so, either. This is fixed in version 2. Finally, note that this is not a warranty or certification of Y2K readiness. X OS/2 3. All of these things suggest that it’s time for a brand-new format, not just a few more patches on an aging standard. Summer Time) and is being extracted during Standard Time–or vice versa–Windows applies the current timezone offset (including DST) to the extracted file instead of using the offset that was applicable on the date the file was created or otherwise modified. 4 or later], the file system [at least Reiser and ext2 are supported], the C library [glibc 2. Why do files with extended attributes get extracted under OS/2 with the current time while all other files retain their original timestamps as expected. 50 with support for large files and archives via a pair of new header types, “PKx06x06” and “PKx06x07”. This restriction may be relaxed in a future release. Note that there are other limitations of the zipfile format beyond its dependence on 16-bit and 32-bit fields. )   UnZip 5. (On 64-bit IRIX with the native compiler, the options “-mips4 -64” or “-mips4 -64 -ipa” [for both compiling and linking] may help. This is almost certainly an error in the Symantec “emergency boot disk,” which, according to a Symantec response on their German web site, has an outdated virus signature file. Why does WiZ say “Failure creating property sheet” when I pick the Options menu item. ) maximum path/filename length 64 KB Zipfiles have essentially no limits on the length of pathnames (or on the depth of directory trees); the actual limits will be imposed by the file system on which the archive was created. 3
    and earlier all HexView reported a buffer-overrun vulnerability (CVE-2004-1010) in Zip 2. This is fixed in version 2. We believe this bug affects all previous versions of UnZip, as well, and most or all supported platforms. Yes, this is a fifth directory-traversal variant. ) We addressed this problem in 1997 for UnZip 5. Windows Chad Loder of Rapid7 discovered a crash bug and potential security vulnerability in WiZ, involving very long filenames inside archives. ) UnZip 5. These include its weak encryption, poorly designed “extra field” capability, poorly designed “multi-disk” support, mediocre robustness, support for streaming encoders only as an afterthought, low-precision timestamps (two-second granularity), lack of cross-timezone support (i. This is fixed in version 5. Can I use the Zip or UnZip source code or executables in my commercial product. There was some bug involving updating archives (-u and -f options) on a networked HPFS386 partition, wherein part of the zipfile would be filled with zeros instead of the actual compressed data and header info. Do not type “run” before the command. Hhmmss format (unzip -ZT) for sorting, if you wish. 1 any Unix With Zip 2. (Earlier releases will not. Older versions (5. ” This will be fixed in version 6. , in the case of automated, Zip-based backups by a privileged account). ) The workaround is to disable 64-bit deflate support when compiling 16-bit UnZip ports (define NO_DEFLATE64). You also have the option of displaying dates in yyyymmdd. This is a known bug with HPFS386-based network drives (LAN Server 4. 50
    and earlier all All versions of UnZip through 5. Specifically, if an archive contains files with leading “/” characters (i. We believe this bug affects all previous versions of Zip, as well, and most or all supported platforms. , 128 years after 1 January 1980) and Unix-format dates where available (no problems until January 2038, when 231 seconds will have elapsed since 1 January 1970). Miscellaneous When are the next versions of Zip and UnZip coming out. ) UnZip 5. VMS file included with our VMS distributions. (Thanks to Mark Adler for verifying this. 2 and seems to have been the only problem. See Rapid7’s advisory for test archives and subsequent links, including CERT and CVE. ) directory-traversal variant. X zipfile specification (but see the PKZIP 4. 50, and a patch (slight overkill, but apparently effective) is available on the Bugtraq page that reported the problem. This problem does not appear to affect any of Info-ZIP’s command-line tools or MacZip. (What happened to the Zip-Bugs address. This results in an off-by-one-hour problem in some extracted files, especially around April and October when locales that observe DST typically switch between it and Standard Time. 50 comments below), the following limits apply to all zipfile archives: statistic limit comments number of files 65,536 This is not a “hard” limit, and Zip 2. Compression FAQ list is the place to start looking. We believe the statements above to be completely truthful and accurate, but we accept no liability for errors in either the statements or the software. Last updated 4 October 2008. DOS and its derivatives (Windows, OS/2, etc. 1 had a -t option that was not Y2K-ized, but that was fixed in 2. This table was created in August 2001 and last updated in May 2005. Imran Ghory reported that the Unix port of UnZip has a race-condition vulnerability (CAN-2005-2475), whereby a local attacker could change the permissions of the user’s files during unpacking. This is fixed in version 2. Either way, the comp. The root cause is a longstanding bug in Windows NT, Windows 95/98, and Windows CE. The double-free bug affected only the version of inflate() in zlib; UnZip’s version is not vulnerable, and Zip does not use inflate(). ) Can I expect any Y2K problems. ) How do I report bugs. So the public statements were, most likely, simply the usual legal posturing. (Thanks to Jan Echternach and John D. The second involves the use of a quoted “/” character, which could be used either to convert a harmless “. No–unless UnZip is compiled with USE_ZLIB defined and the relevant version of zlib has the bug (i. 3 related to deep directory paths, which could potentially lead to local privilege escalation (e. C with optimization turned off (no -O or +O2 option) or turned down to the lowest level (+O1). Newer versions of WinZip correct that bug, so if you created the archive in question, you should upgrade. (Thanks to jelmer and ITO Tsuyoshi for reporting them. (Thanks to Stefan A. Internally it uses DOS-format dates by default (no problems until 2108; i. ) Zip 2. 50
    and earlier virtually all All versions of UnZip through 5. (Thanks to Ulf Harnhammar and AusCERT’s Matthew Aburn for the pointers. 0 or later. Because’s fseek’s offset argument is usually a signed long integer, on 32-bit systems UnZip will not find any file that is more than 2 GB from the beginning of the archive. I forgot the password on my archive. , don’t delete it. 12 or earlier); you’re extracting to an HPFS386-based drive. This is fixed in version 5. What limits (number of files, size of files, etc. Common Problems Why does UnZip say “‘shrink’ method not supported”. 2 will happily store more than 64K files (we’ve tested with 70,001); UnZip 5. 2 and later have a work-around for the problem, however. ] if redirection is involved. , not just the 26 lowercase letters), it might still be recoverable via a known-plaintext attack (see above). (Thanks to Jan Echternach for reporting this. Are Info-ZIP tools affected by the zlib double-free security vulnerability. This was a known bug in Solaris (Sunsolve ID 4071076), AIX (IBM APAR IY06322) and possibly other Unixen that seems to have been exacerbated by Red Hat’s knfsd. ” sequence into a harmful one or to create absolute (leading-“/”) paths. In the short term, it is possible to improve Zip and UnZip’s capabilities slightly on certain Linux systems (and probably other Unix-like systems) by recompiling with the -DLARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 options. Exe” $ zipinfo == “$disk:[dir]unzip. 1’s -y option, symbolic links got stored as empty files–i. 4x series should be completely fixed. ) apply to zipfiles. ” sequence that is used without further checks during extraction. 0 of Norton AV (for Windows 95/98) does not report any such thing. This is because UnZip uses the zipfile’s central directory for listing files (and for matching user-specified filenames for extraction), but it uses the local file headers during the actual extraction process itself. All of the quotes in the ZipInfo line are necessary, too, so don’t delete any of them, either. 50 have a pair of directory-traversal vulnerabilities, both somewhat subtler than the original one (see above). ) Are there any known file-corruption, data-loss, or security bugs in Zip or UnZip. ) compressed size of a single file 4 GB In practice, the real limit may be 2 GB on many systems, due to UnZip’s use of the fseek() function to jump around within an archive. Watch these web pages, subscribe to the mailing list(s), and/or check the freshmeat pages for news. The standard version 5. To check what compiler was used to create any of our pre-compiled executables, do “unzip -v” or “zip -v” with no other arguments. Short answer: because that’s how they’re stored in the zipfile, and backslashes (”) are regular filename characters, not directory separators. The “shrink” compression method was encumbered by a patent (“LZW”) until July 2004. Yes, Sherlock, we know. However, if and when the Windows bug is ever fixed, it’s possible that Info-ZIP’s workaround will recreate the bug in reverse. 04, and subsequent updates.

  7. This article shows you how to install and use Free PDF Reader in GNU/Linux. Extract the contents of the zip. If you choose an RPM download (suitable for Red Hat, Fedora, SUSE, Mandrake and other RPM. If the command is not recognized, it means you do not have Java installed.

  8. Raw Devices: Commercial databases such as Oracle and IBM DB2 can maximize performance by using raw I/O. This will map a raw device to a blocked device for an entire disk partition. To see if your system is using raw I/O issue the command: raw -a. One may use the raw command for both IDE and SCSI devices.

  9. Zip a folder to . On Ubuntu and Debian based machines apt-get install zip apt-get install unzip. On Redhat, Centos and Fedora based machines yum install zip yum install unzip. We will learn below requirements with zip command examples. Zip a folder and it's all content.

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