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Linux commands notes pdf

linux commands notes pdf

A directory in Linux is similar to a “Folder” in Windows OS. Note:
rmdir command does not have –r option.

Note: This command is extremely 'powerful'. 1 General remarks on the operating system UNIX/Linux. Reference for emacs: emacs reference.

To become familiar with the Bash shell and basic Linux commands. Case Sensitivity: In Linux/UNIX, commands and filenames are case sensitive, meaning.

To become familiar with the Bash shell and basic Linux commands. Case Sensitivity: In Linux/UNIX, commands and filenames are case sensitive, meaning.

linux commands notes pdf

  Typing exit will close it.   There are other, more advanced “virtual” terminals for X-windows. I like the popular ones: konsole and kvt (both come with kde) and gnome-terminal (comes with gnome).   If you need something really fancy-looking, try Eterm. Xterm
(in X terminal) Run a simple X-windows terminal.

  Accessing drives/partitions mount
See here for details on mounting drives. “glint” comes with RH5. Kpackage
gnorpm
glint
(in X terminal, as root if you want to be able to install packages) GUI fronts to the Red Hat Package Manager (rpm). 1 or must be installed separately but is the best of the three. 0, “kpackage” comes with RH6. 2, “gnorpm” with RH6. Use any of them to view which software packages are installed on your system and the what not-yet-installed packages are available on your RedHat CD, display the info about the packages, and install them if you want (installation must be done as root).   Examples are shown in the next commands.

Settings go to the file /etc/printcap. In short they mean: stop the current command, send the current command to the background, stop the data transfer, resume the data transfer. 5 Basic administration commands printtool
(as root in X-terminal) Configuration tool for your printer(s). c, z, s, and q also belong to this chapter but they were described previously.

linux commands notes pdf

For your security, if you’re on a public computer and have finished using your Red Hat services, please be sure to log out.

  See man sox.   I can also use the older-looking ghostview or gv for the same end effect. Ps
Display a postscript file on screen.   Graphics-related commands kghostview my_file. Sox
(argument not given here) Convert from almost any audio file format to another (but not mp3s).

Umount /mnt/floppy
Unmount the floppy. The directory /mnt/floppy must not be your (or anybody else’s) current working directory. Depending on your setup, you might not be able to unmount a drive that you didn’t mount. 6 Network administration tools netconf
(as root) A very good menu-driven setup of your network.

To start a ppp interface (dial-up connection), I normally use kppp available under kde menu “internet”. :
ifup eth0
ifup ppp0
Users can start up or shutdown the ppp interface only when the right permission was checked during the ppp setup (using netconf ). Ifup interface_name
(/sbin/ifup to it run as a user) Startup a network interface.

Added notes and tips more. GNU/Linux Command−Line Tools Summary. Out the command list from “Linux in a Nutshell 3rd Edition” for an index of 300.

linux commands notes pdf

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