Modern surveys in Europe and the United States show red is also the colour most commonly associated with heat, activity, passion, sexuality, anger, love and joy. In China, India and many other Asian countries it is the colour of symbolizing happiness and good fortune. Since red is the colour of blood, it has historically been associated with sacrifice, danger and courage.
Many talk of riding the rails. They spend their free hours reading, playing guitars, and keying mobile devices. I was too far from them to see hobos waving, but on returning to Slab city I noted about 200 new young arrivals with backpacks in the past month who will winter here, before moving on. Yesterday while hiking in the desert along a Union Pacific track between LA and Tucson, I watched one freight whiz past every 30 minutes for six hours, usually double stack container trains. They are in their twenties, in dreadlocks, like drugs and the breeze in their hair, and often have female hoboettes in tow who are pretty as well as hard-bitten.
 While the phrase was Skelton’s, the idea of using the character on the radio show was Edna’s. “, followed moments later by the statement, “I dood it.  Skelton starred in a 1943 movie of the same name, but did not play “Junior” in the film. [m] Skelton’s voice pattern for Clem was similar to the later cartoon character, Bullwinkle; there was enough similarity to cause Skelton to contemplate filing a lawsuit against Bill Scott, who voiced the cartoon moose.  The second character, The Mean Widdle Kid, or “Junior”, was a young boy full of mischief, who typically did things he was told not to do. Skelton introduced the first two of his many characters during The Raleigh Cigarette Program’s first season. The character of Clem Kadiddlehopper was based on a Vincennes neighbor named Carl Hopper, who was hard of hearing. “ Skelton performed the character at home with Edna, giving him the nickname “Junior” long before it was heard by a radio audience. “Junior” would say things like, “If I dood it, I gets a whipping.
Jewish traffickers also supplied Gentile-run houses. Not only was this Jewish participation conspicuous, it was historically unprecedented, geographically widespread, and fraught with collective political dangers. “Between 1880 and 1939,” notes scholar Edward Bristow, “the Jews played a conspicuous role in ‘white slavery,’ as the commercial prostitution of that era was dramatically called. 1] “Jewish trafficking,” says Bristow, “was anchored in brothel keeping, women freelanced or kept houses while their husbands procured.
In Vienna, authorities knew of about 50 Jewish prostitution traffickers based in Czernowitz, “and they were a very inbred lot extending over two generations. Some of the women recruits understood their tasks, but others “were maids, others fieldworkers, one a butcher’s helper, all apparently promised honest jobs. 74] The most publicized ‘white slavery’ trial occurred in 1892, in Lemberg (once also called Lvov, then a Polish provincial capital, today called Lviv in Ukraine), where 27 traffickers — all Jews — were prosecuted for ensnaring women to go to Constantinople, Egypt, and India. 74] (Lemberg, “a cradle of Zionism from the 1880s onward,” also had anti-Jewish riots in 1918.
“I thought you were pulling a CBS and walking out on me. DeMille Award, which is given to honor outstanding contributions in entertainment. His excitement was so great upon receiving the award and a standing ovation, that he clutched it tightly enough to break the statuette.  When he was presented with the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences’ Governor’s Award in 1986, Skelton received a standing ovation. “I want to thank you for sitting down”, he said when the ovation subsided. “ The honor came 16 years after his television program left the airwaves. Skelton’s first major post-television recognition came in 1978, when the Golden Globe Awards named him as the recipient for their Cecil B.
 11 teams either regularly features red caps or utilize the color in their uniforms. In Major League Baseball the color is featured in the league’s logo.  The Cincinnati Red Stockings are the oldest professional baseball team, dating back to 1869. During the 1950s when red was strongly associated with communism, the modern Cincinnati team was known as the “Redlegs” and the term was used on baseball cards.  The franchise soon relocated to Boston and is now the Atlanta Braves, but its name survives as the origin for both the Cincinnati Reds and Boston Red Sox. Major League Baseball is especially well known for red teams. After the red scare faded, the team was known as the “Reds” again.
We were ‘put out to the farm’, as hobos say. No one could figure out if it was the sunrise or the stop of the wheels that awoke us the next morning. The locomotives abruptly dynamited off the freight, and since I had allowed the hobo faux pas of suggesting that everyone remove his shoes, we couldn’t chase the locomotives to catch the continuing train.
The bounty hunter returned to Slab City on a tip by a paid snitch who directed him to a busy camp where the road kid was roasting hot dogs with others. The bounty hunter brought three others, a total of four in three cars, and drove into the weenie roast yelling ‘Surrender’. Instead, the kid jumped on his bicycle and led them on a merry chase through the camps of Slab City and exited into a lemon grove, where he climbed a tree and hid in the fruit until it got dark. Then he jumped down and returned to Slab City.
Red played an important role in Chinese philosophy. It was believed that the world was composed of five elements: metal, wood, water, fire and earth, and that each had a color. Each Emperor chose the color that his fortune-tellers believed would bring the most prosperity and good fortune to his reign. Red was associated with fire. During the Zhou, Han, Jin, Song and Ming Dynasties, red was considered a noble color, and it was featured in all court ceremonies, from coronations to sacrificial offerings, and weddings.
The field of the flag of Portugal is green and red. The flags of Japan and Bangladesh both have a red circle in the middle of different colored backgrounds. The flag of the Philippines has a red trapezoid on the bottom signifying blood, courage, and valor (also, if the flag is inverted so that the red trapezoid is on top and the blue at the bottom, it indicates a state of war). The flag of Singapore has a red rectangle on the top. The Ottoman Empire adopted several different red flags during the six centuries of its rule, with the successor Republic of Turkey continuing the 1844 Ottoman Flag.
As a result, studio audience tickets for Skelton’s radio show were in high demand; there were times where up to 300 people needed to be turned away for lack of seats. After the regular radio program had ended, the show’s guests were treated to a post-program performance. Originally called “Mellow Cigars”, the skit entailed an announcer who became ill as he smoked his sponsor’s product. Brown and Williamson, the makers of cigarettes, asked Skelton to change some aspects of the skit; he renamed the routine “Guzzler’s Gin”, where the announcer became inebriated while sampling and touting the imaginary sponsor’s wares. Skelton also added a routine he had been performing since 1928. He updated and revised his post-show routines as diligently as those for his radio program. He would then perform his “Guzzler’s Gin” or any of more than 350 routines for those who had come to the radio show.  While the traditional radio program called for its cast to do an audience warm-up in preparation for the broadcast, Skelton did just the opposite.