The method string you set with -X, –request will be used for all requests, which if you for example use -L, –location may cause unintended side-effects when curl doesn’t change request method according to the HTTP 30x response codes – and similar.
” (a single period) may be specified instead of “-” to use stdin in non-blocking mode to allow reading server output while stdin is being uploaded. Use the file name “-” (a single dash) to use stdin instead of a given file. Alternately, the file name “.
Intermediate certificates do not exist (and should not exist, thats why path length is set to 0). When trying to establish a connection, PolarSSL complains that the verification of the CA fails:. All the certificates are signed by a CA that has pathlen=0 (X509v3 Basic Constraints: critical CA:TRUE, pathlen:0). We are using PolarSSL together with OpenVPN Connect 1.
This standard specifies an API, called Cryptoki, to devices which hold cryptographic information and perform cryptographic functions. Cryptoki, pronounced “crypto-key” and short for cryptographic token interface, follows a simple object-based approach, addressing the goals of technology independence (any kind of device) and resource sharing (multiple applications accessing multiple devices), presenting to applications a common, logical view of the device called a cryptographic token.
Use socks4://, socks4a://, socks5:// or socks5h:// to request a specific SOCKS version to be used. (The protocol support was added in curl 7. The proxy string can be specified with a protocol:// prefix. No protocol specified or http:// will be treated as HTTP proxy.
Note that client-cert-not-required will not obviate the need for a server certificate, so a client connecting to a server which uses client-cert-not-required may remove the cert and key directives from the client configuration file, but not the ca directive, because it is necessary for the client to verify the server certificate.
我可以看到他跑完， 但跑完就會出現 Open VPN server certificate verification failed PolarSSL: SSL read error: X509-certificate verification.
OpenVPN for Windows can be installed from the self-installing exe file on the OpenVPN download page. More discussion on OpenVPN + Windows privilege issues. Remember that OpenVPN will only run on Windows XP or later. The restriction can be sidestepped by running OpenVPN in the background as a service, in which case even non-admin users will be able to access the VPN, once it is installed. Also note that OpenVPN must be installed and run by a user who has administrative privileges (this restriction is imposed by Windows, not OpenVPN).
Routing also provides a greater ability to selectively control access rights on a client-specific basis. Overall, routing is probably a better choice for most people, as it is more efficient and easier to set up (as far as the OpenVPN configuration itself) than bridging.
(FTP) Reverses the default initiator/listener roles when connecting with FTP. should be one of:. This option makes curl use active mode. Curl then tells the server to connect back to the client’s specified address and port, while passive mode asks the server to setup an IP address and port for it to connect to.
1M is 1048576 bytes. Curl normally displays a progress meter during operations, indicating the amount of transferred data, transfer speeds and estimated time left, etc. The suffixes (k, M, G, T, P) are 1024 based. The progress meter displays number of bytes and the speeds are in bytes per second. For example 1k is 1024 bytes.
OpenVPN is a full-featured SSL VPN which implements OSI layer 2 or 3 secure network extension using the industry standard SSL/TLS protocol, supports flexible client authentication methods based on certificates, smart cards, and/or username/password credentials, and allows user or group-specific access control policies using firewall rules applied to the VPN virtual interface. OpenVPN is not a web application proxy and does not operate through a web browser.